The Concept Of Demineralization and Remineralization

Girl showing thumbs up after dental check-up

One of the key triggers of poor oral health is weak enamel. The enamel is the hardest substance in the body and is located on the outer layer of the tooth surface that protects the shade in your smile. If you’ve had oral health issues such as regular cavities, the key reason is likely to be demineralization of the enamel.

Below explains the concept of demineralization. You will also understand another concept known as remineralization.

You should consider the enamel to be your protection so that your smile continues to shine every single day. When it gets compromised, you’re introducing signs of damage that make your teeth vulnerable.

Below breaks down everything you need to know about the enamel.

damage-to-enamel-demineralization Enamel Demineralization

The key take from the term demineralization is the term ‘mineral’. Your enamel needs the right mineral properties to maintain its strength to protect your teeth. Although, demineralization is the process of decreased mineral content in your tooth enamel. The mineral content is what maintains the strength of your enamel, and demineralization means it’s not getting the properties it needs. Not only that, but a poor oral routine comprising of eating the wrong food and drink is a major contribution.

The below food and drink contribute to demineralization:

  • Sugars from sodas, coffees and wine
  • Acid from citrus fruits
  • Sauces and syrups
  • Carbonated soft drinks
  • Alcohol and smoking

Enamel Demineralization may also be contributed from some adverse medical conditions such as:

  • Acid reflux
  • Dry mouth
  • Bulimia (or alcoholism)
  • Teeth grinding (Bruxism)

Of course, adverse medical conditions such as these will have an impact on your oral health in some way. Although to significantly reduce the impact of these conditions, a strong oral routine is essential. Read on below to learn about these tips.

Through enamel demineralization, you’re introducing cavities and tooth decay whilst making your teeth look less attractive. Your mouth will also become sensitive to hot and cold temperatures, including when you eat. Brushing teeth will also become more difficult as the surfaces of your teeth become damaged and chipped.

female-brushing-teeth-with-fluoride

 Enamel Remineralization

Enamel Remineralization should be considered as completely the opposite to demineralization, where your enamel is receiving the right minerals it needs to keep your smile shining through for longer. It shall protect your teeth from sensitivity, discolouration, chipped or damaged teeth, whilst keeping your teeth white if it gets the right properties to stay strong and you continue to perform a strong oral routine.

As part of a balanced diet, ensure the food and drink you consume contains two key properties; calcium and phosphate.

  • Dairy products such as cheese, milk and other dairy
  • Green leafy vegetables such as kale, okra and spinach
  • Tinned fish such as sardines and salmon
  • Dry nuts such as almonds, nuts and seeds
  • Water

Alongside consuming a diet that contains the above food and drink, a strong oral routine is still essential. Carry out the below tips regularly for strong enamel:

  • Brush and floss your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste for further protection.
  • Maintain a balanced diet containing fewer sugars and acid and more pro-enamel minerals
  • Avoid smoking and drinking large amounts of alcohol
  • Do not use your teeth for opening hard materials and packaging
  • Use mouthwash to clear bacteria inside the mouth

To Summarize…

You must protect your enamel and provide it with the minerals it needs so your teeth stay straight and shiny for longer. Your lifestyle habits play a vital role in this also. Follow the above steps to continue to remineralize your enamel and keep it strong. Once it becomes weak, it cannot be repaired. This means your teeth are more likely to become impacted in the long term.

If you’re due a dental check-up at the dentist, contact our experienced dental team for an appointment today!